Foreign Policy – Definition Formulation and Implementation Theory and Practice in Pakistan
Keywords:Foreign Policy, Domestic Policy, Theory and Practice, Diplomacy, National Interest
Foreign policy, except where the protection of territorial integrity and sovereignty is involved, is the handmaiden of domestic policy. Domestic policy determines national interest and its advancement is the principal goal. Diplomacy is the tool of Foreign policy. Kissinger using the example of Cardinal Richelieu states that the first indispensable element of a successful foreign policy is a long-term strategic concept based on a careful analysis of all relevant factors. Kissinger notes that Palmerston as PM of Great Britain stated that “When people ask me … for what is called a policy, the only answer is that we mean to do what may seem to be best, upon each occasion as it arises, making the Interests of Our Country one’s guiding principle.” Domestic policy if realistically framed has to take account of the country’s natural resource base and to assess what resources are needed from abroad and to determine the price that may need to be paid to obtain them. The price may mean adjusting foreign policy including modifications in goals otherwise important for foreign policy.
Shaikh, Najmuddin A. 2021. " Foreign Policy – Definition Formulation and Implementation Theory and Practice in Pakistan." Strategic Thought (3): 162-179.